Silver has been in a bear market since April 2011.
Summary: There is still not enough confirmation of a trend change for Silver from bear to bull. With some adjustment, the third bearish wave count is still viable. The bear market must be assumed to remain intact while price remains within the bear market channel.
From an Elliott wave perspective, there are still at least three possible wave counts for Silver at the weekly chart level, and at the daily chart level multiple possibilities remain viable. Unfortunately, at this time the Elliott wave picture is unclear for Silver and probably will remain so for some time. Regular technical analysis should be used to determine which wave count is most likely.
New updates to this analysis are in bold.
WAVE COUNT #1
This first wave count sees a 5-3-5 complete downwards for primary waves 1, 2 and 3.
The channel (maroon) drawn about this downwards movement is drawn using Elliott’s first technique. Draw the first trend line from the lows labelled primary waves 1 to 3, then place a parallel copy on the high of primary wave 2. Primary wave 4 may find resistance at the upper edge of the channel.
Primary wave 2 was a deep single zigzag. Given the guideline of alternation expect primary wave 4 to be shallow and a flat, combination or triangle.
The difficulty with this wave count comes with the multiple structural possibilities for primary wave 4. It is impossible to tell which structure will unfold, only that it is most unlikely to be a zigzag or zigzag multiple. If it is an expanded flat, running triangle or combination, it may include a new price extreme beyond its start, so it may include a new low below 13.983.
Intermediate wave (1) lasted a Fibonacci 5 weeks; intermediate wave (2) was 22 weeks, just one more than a Fibonacci 21; intermediate wave (3) was exactly a Fibonacci 144 weeks; and, intermediate wave (5) was 31 weeks, three short of Fibonacci 34.
Primary wave 2 lasted 15 weeks. Primary wave 4 is expected to be longer lasting because zigzags are quicker than combinations, triangles and even flats. Primary wave 4 may total a Fibonacci 21 or 34 weeks, give or take up to three weeks either side of these expectations.
Primary wave 4 may not move into primary wave 1 price territory above 32.343.
All wave counts will show daily charts from the price point marked at 17.779 which was 18th May, 2015.
Primary wave 4 is most likely to be a flat, combination or triangle. For all of these structures the first wave up should be a three at intermediate degree.
The first movement up has continued and at this stage it may be unfolding as a double zigzag, with price now in the second zigzag of the double. The double may be joined by a three in the opposite direction, a zigzag labelled minor wave X.
This upwards movement may continue to unfold as a single zigzag as per alternate labelling. Instead of a zigzag up for minor wave W the first five up for minor wave A may have ended lower, followed by a three down for minor wave B, and now a five up underway for minor wave C which would be now in the third wave of minute wave iii. For that idea, minute wave iv may not move back into minute wave i price territory below 15.434. If a sideways correction develops from here and remains above 15.434, then it may be a fourth wave within an impulse. Intermediate wave (A) would then be labelled as a zigzag.
At this stage, there are still multiple possible structures open for primary wave 4. It is impossible to tell which one will unfold, so it is impossible to tell what pathway price may take to complete this consolidation.
WAVE COUNT #2
Primary wave 4 may already be underway. Primary wave 3 still has a close Fibonacci ratio to primary wave 1. This wave count and the first wave count both have similar Fibonacci ratios, so there is no advantage nor disadvantage between them in this regard.
Within primary wave 3, intermediate wave (1) lasted a Fibonacci 5 weeks; intermediate wave (2) lasted 22 weeks, one longer than a Fibonacci 21; intermediate wave (3) lasted 40 weeks with no Fibonacci duration; intermediate wave (4) lasted a Fibonacci two weeks; and, intermediate wave (5) lasted a Fibonacci one week.
Primary wave 4 may be over halfway complete as a regular flat correction. Within the flat correction, intermediate waves (A) and (B) both subdivide as three wave structures and intermediate wave (C) is incomplete.
The channel here is a little different, a best fit, so not drawn using Elliott’s technique.
Intermediate wave (C) must be a five wave structure. So far minor waves 1 and 2 may be complete. Minor wave 3 would most likely be incomplete.
At 16.160 minor wave 3 would reach 2.618 the length of minor wave 1. Minor wave 5 may also be extended to end intermediate wave (C).
Intermediate wave (C) is highly likely to move at least slightly above the end of intermediate wave (A) at 18.486 to avoid a truncation. Regular flats normally have a sideways look; the C wave is normally close to equality in length to the A wave. Intermediate wave (C) would be likely to end just above 18.486 to achieve a sideways look.
Within intermediate wave (C), minor wave 3 may now have just passed the middle. Minute wave iii may end here or very soon. If it is over today, it would have reached to 0.126 short of 1.618 the length of minute wave i. If minute wave iii continues, then a reasonable target would be 16.249 where it may reach 1.618 the length of minute wave i. If minute wave iii reaches this target, then the target for minor wave 3 must be recalculated, and only when minute wave iv is complete.
Minute wave iv should unfold as a shallow sideways correction when minute wave iii is complete. Minute wave iv may not move into minute wave i price territory below 15.434.
If this invalidation point is breached, then the possibility of an ending diagonal may be considered for intermediate wave (C). This has a lower probability than an impulse.
WAVE COUNT #3
Primary wave 4 may be complete and primary wave 5 may be underway.
Primary waves 2 and 4 exhibit perfect alternation and good proportion: primary wave 2 was a deep zigzag lasting 15 weeks and primary wave 4 was a shallow combination lasting 24 weeks, 1.618 the duration of primary wave 2.
At 11.1 primary wave 5 would reach 0.382 the length of primary wave 1.
Although this wave count is labelled #3 it is my preferred wave count. I am presenting them in the order in which I developed each, not in order of preference. This wave count is preferred primarily for the reason that there has been no technical confirmation of a trend change from bear to bull for Silver.
The invalidation point on last week’s analysis for this wave count was premature at 15.691 because that point was breached. Price remains within the bear market channel, so a bear wave count should still be considered. It may be that intermediate wave (2) is continuing further, although it is now long in duration.
Intermediate wave (2) may not move beyond the start of intermediate wave (1) above 17.779. A breach of this invalidation point would now also require a strong breach of the bear market channel, so this invalidation point should not be moved any higher. When that channel is breached that should indicate a trend change for Silver from bear to bull. At that stage, only bullish wave counts should be seriously considered.
The upper edge of the maroon channel is copied over here from the weekly chart. It should provide resistance if Silver is still within a bear market. If that trend line is clearly breached, then this wave count should be discarded before the invalidation point is passed.
Intermediate wave (2) may be completing as an expanded flat correction. Within intermediate wave (2), minor wave B was a 1.32 length of minor wave A, nicely within the normal range of 1 to 1.38.
Minor wave C may be an ending expanding diagonal. The fifth wave has overshot the i-iii trend line and should be expected to be over here or very soon indeed. Minor wave C is 0.14 longer than 1.618 the length of minor wave A.
I would have a little confidence that intermediate wave (2) is over when there is a downwards day on increased volume. At that stage, I would calculate a target for intermediate wave (3) to end. To do so today would be premature. The target for the whole of primary wave 5 remains the same at 11.1 (weekly chart).
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of StockCharts.com.
Weekly: Silver has been in a bear market since April 2011. While price remains below the 40 week Simple Moving Average and below the dark blue bear market trend line the bear market should be expected to remain intact. For this reason I favour the third Elliott wave count. If this week closes above the 40 week SMA, then that may indicate a change from bear to bull. The next two days will be important for Silver.
Overall, while Silver has been in a bear market, volume is declining which indicates the bear trend is maturing, a change to a bull market is closer. Volume will not tell us exactly when that change comes though. It is a warning sign only.
Of recent weeks, strongest volume is for a downwards week. This is bearish.
On Balance Volume remains below a long held trend line. This trend line is somewhat shallow, repeatedly tested, and reasonably technically significant. While OBV remains below that trend line it will remain bearish.
RSI shows strong double divergence with price over a long time period (pink and green lines on price and RSI). While price made new lows RSI failed to make new lows. This indicates weakness in downwards movement and is bullish. Because this divergence is double and over such a long time period it is highly technically significant. This indicator is often leading (anticipates a trend change). The first two bull wave counts must be seriously considered for this reason.
The regular technical analysis picture is unclear at the weekly chart level. A trend change will come and RSI is indicating it may come sooner or have arrived already. It needs to be confirmed by price, and a break above the blue bear market trend line would be full and final confirmation of a trend change.
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of StockCharts.com.
Daily: The strong upwards day on an increase in volume of 2nd October was a warning of an upwards breakout. This was confirmed when price closed above the upper horizontal trend line on 5th October. Price has now come to close just above the 200 day Simple Moving Average. This is the most bullish indication from Silver for some time.
However, the rise in price over the last four days, while dramatic, importantly comes on declining volume. It is not supported, and so is suspicious. I suspect the breakout may be false and may possibly be followed now by a strong downwards movement. If that happens on increasing volume, returning price quickly to below the 200 day SMA, then that would be a stronger bearish indicator than the last four days has been bullish.
What also may happen is a sideways consolidation for Silver for a few days. If price again comes to touch the horizontal line of resistance and then finds support about there, an upwards breakout and upwards trend would be strongly confirmed.
Because volume is clearly declining the rise in price is not supported and some downwards / sideways movement may be expected to unfold here or very soon indeed. I would not expect this rise in price to continue much further, if at all for Silver.
ADX is now clear: the black ADX line is turning strongly upwards indicating the market is trending. The +DX green line is above the -DX red line indicating the trend is up. During a trending market one approach is to use corrections against the trend as an opportunity to join the trend. The red horizontal line may provide support and may indicate an opportunity if price comes down to touch it for a throwback.
With Stochastics showing overbought, some sideways / downwards movement may unfold about here to resolve this in the short term. However, oscillators can remain at extreme levels for long time periods during a trending market.
I have added Kaufman’s Moving Average because ADX now indicates a trending market. This may be useful to show where downwards movement may find support during this upwards trend.
This regular technical analysis today at the daily chart level strongly supports the Elliott wave count numbers 1 and 2.
This analysis is published about 06:54 p.m. EST.