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Upwards movement to at least a little above 1,178.78 was expected for both Elliott wave counts.

Targets were either 1,181 or 1,186 – 1,188. Price moved higher as expected to reach up to just 0.16 above the second target.

Summary: It is most likely that downwards movement will continue from here. The target for the bull wave count would be at 1,168 and the target for the bear count at 1,110. It is possible that a B or second wave may drift sideways for much of this week first though; this is more possible for the bull than the bear. Warning: the bear wave count is getting close to the middle of a big third wave and any surprises may be to the downside; the next wave down may be very swift and strong.

To see the bigger picture and weekly charts go here.

Changes to last analysis are italicised.

Bull Wave Count

Gold Elliott Wave Chart Daily 2015
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The bull wave count sees primary wave 5 and so cycle wave a a complete five wave impulse on the weekly chart.


1. The size of the upwards move labelled here intermediate wave (A) looks right for a new bull trend at the weekly chart level.

2. The downwards wave labelled intermediate wave (B) looks best as a three.

3. The small breach of the channel about cycle wave a on the weekly chart would be the first indication that cycle wave a is over and cycle wave b has begun.


1. Within intermediate wave (3) of primary wave 5 (now off to the left of this chart), to see this as a five wave impulse requires either gross disproportion and lack of alternation between minor waves 2 and 4 or a very rare running flat which does not subdivide well. I have tried to see a solution for this movement, and no matter what variation I try it always has a problem which violates an Elliott wave rule.

2. Intermediate wave (5) of primary wave 5 (now off to the left of the chart) has a count of seven which means either minor wave 3 or 5 looks like a three on the daily chart.

3. Expanding leading diagonals (of which intermediate wave (A) or (1) is) are are not very common (the contracting variety is more common). There is also now a second expanding leading diagonal for minute wave i.

4. Volume does not support this bull wave count.

For volume to clearly support the bull wave count it needs to show an increase beyond 187.34K (30th April) and preferably beyond 230.3K (9th April) for an up day. Only then would volume more clearly indicate a bullish breakout is more likely than a bearish breakout. Although volume for Monday at 166.8K is an increase, it is not enough for a bullish volume indicator.

Within cycle wave b, primary wave A may be either a three or a five wave structure. So far within cycle wave b there is a 5-3 and an incomplete 5 up. This may be intermediate waves (A)-(B)-(C) for a zigzag for primary wave A, or may also be intermediate waves (1)-(2)-(3) for an impulse for primary wave A. At 1,320 intermediate wave (C) would reach equality in length with intermediate wave (A) and primary wave A would most likely be a zigzag. At 1,429 intermediate wave (3) would reach 1.618 the length of intermediate wave (1) and primary wave A would most likely be an incomplete impulse.

Intermediate wave (A) subdivides only as a five. I cannot see a solution where this movement subdivides as a three and meets all Elliott wave rules (with the sole exception of a very rare triple zigzag which does not look right). This means that intermediate wave (B) may not move beyond the start of intermediate wave (A) below 1,131.09. That is why 1,131.09 is final confirmation for the bear wave count at the daily and weekly chart level.

Intermediate wave (C) is likely to subdivide as an impulse to exhibit structural alternation with the leading diagonal of intermediate wave (A). This intermediate wave up may be intermediate wave (3) which may only subdivide as an impulse.

Minor wave 2 is over here. Minute wave c is just 2.7 longer than 1.618 the length of minute wave a. At 1,288 minor wave 3 would reach 1.618 the length of minor wave 1.

Within minor wave 3, no second wave correction may move beyond its start below 1,162.80.

A new high above 1,232.49 would eliminate the bear wave count and provide full confidence in the targets.

Hourly Bull Wave Count

Gold Elliott Wave Chart Hourly 2015
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Again I am presenting two different ideas at the hourly chart level which work in exactly the same way for bull and bear wave counts. This is because A-B-C of a zigzag and 1-2-3 of an impulse subdivide in exactly the same way: 5-3-5.

This first idea is more likely for the bull wave count than the bear, so I present it under the bull wave count.

Minute wave ii down is unfolding as a zigzag. Minuette wave (a) is complete. Minuette wave (b) may also be complete (as per the idea presented for the bear hourly wave count) or it may yet drift sideways as a double flat or double combination this week.

The first structure in the double is an expanded flat labelled subminuette wave w. The double would be joined by a three in the opposite direction labelled subminuette wave x which is incomplete. Subminuette wave x may move beyond the start of subminuette wave w below 1,176.35, so there is no downwards invalidation point for this idea.

When subminuette wave x is complete, then a second structure may unfold sideways, which may be a flat, triangle or zigzag and would most likely end about the same level as subminuette wave w at 1,188.16 because the purpose of both double flats and double combinations is to take up time and move price sideways.

Minuette wave (b) may not move beyond the start of minuette wave (a) above 1,205.89.

Bear Wave Count

Gold Elliott Wave Chart Daily 2015
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This wave count follows the bear weekly count which sees primary wave 5 within cycle wave a as incomplete. At 957 primary wave 5 would reach equality in length with primary wave 1.


1. Intermediate wave (1) (to the left of this chart) subdivides perfectly as a five wave impulse with good Fibonacci ratios in price and time. There is perfect alternation and proportion between minor waves 2 and 4. For this piece of movement, the bear wave count has a much better fit than the bull wave count.

2. Intermediate wave (2) is a very common expanded flat correction. This sees minor wave C an ending expanding diagonal which is more common than a leading expanding diagonal.

3. Minor wave B within the expanded flat subdivides perfectly as a zigzag.

4. Volume at the weekly and daily chart continues to favour the bear wave count. Since price entered the sideways movement on 27th March it is a downwards week which has strongest volume, and it is downwards days which have strongest volume, five of them.

5. On Balance Volume on the weekly chart breached a trend line from back to December 2013. This is another bearish indicator.


1. Intermediate wave (2) looks too big on the weekly chart.

2. Intermediate wave (2) has breached the channel from the weekly chart which contains cycle wave a.

3. Minor wave 2 is much longer in duration than a minor degree correction within an intermediate impulse normally is for Gold. Normally a minor degree second wave within a third wave should last only about 20 days maximum. This one is 44 days long.

4. Within minor wave 1 down, there is gross disproportion between minute waves iv and ii: minute wave iv is more than 13 times the duration of minute wave i, giving this downwards wave a three wave look.

Minor waves 1 and 2 are complete. Minute wave i within minor wave 3 may be incomplete on the hourly chart.

Minute wave ii may not move beyond the start of minute wave i above 1,232.49.

At this stage, a new low below 1,162.80 would provide a lot of confidence in the bear wave count. Further confidence would come with a new low below 1,142.82 and final confidence would come only with a new low below 1,131.09.

Minute wave ii is now very likely to be over here. If it moves any higher, then it should find strong resistance at the blue trend line.

Hourly Bear Wave Count

Gold Elliott Wave Chart Hourly 2015
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This second idea also works in exactly the same way for the bull wave count.

For the bear wave count, because minuette wave (ii) is a second wave correction within a third wave one, two, and three degrees higher, then minuette wave (ii) is most likely to be relatively brief and shallow, and is most likely to be over here.

Minuette wave (ii) is an expanded flat correction. Subminuette wave b was 2.9 times the length of subminuette wave a, much longer than the common length of 0.138 and longer than the maximum convention of 2. However, the subdivisions all fit perfectly and no rule is violated. Subminuette wave c has no Fibonacci ratio to subminuette wave a, but it moves substantially beyond the end of subminuette wave a avoiding a rare running flat. Minuette wave (ii) may have corrected to just above the 0.382 Fibonacci ratio of minuette wave (i).

At 1,110 minuette wave (iii) would reach 2.618 the length of minuette wave (i).

Micro wave 2 may not move beyond the start of micro wave 1 above 1,188.16. Micro wave 2 would most likely move a little higher, because this is a second wave correction following a leading diagonal in a first wave position and they are normally very deep.

If 1,188.16 is breached, then the idea presented on the bull hourly chart would be correct for this bear wave count also. Minuette wave (ii) may be drifting sideways as a double flat or double combination. The invalidation point would then move up to 1,205.89 and another three days of sideways movement would be expected.

Technical Analysis

Gold Chart weekly 2015
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Weekly Chart: Overall volume still favours a downwards breakout eventually. During this sideways movement, it is still down days and a down week which have higher volume. On Balance Volume breaches a trend line (lilac line) which began in December 2013, and the breach is significant.

While price has made higher lows, On Balance Volume has made lower lows (green trend lines). This small rise in price is not supported by volume, and it is suspicious.

At the weekly chart level, volume is strongest in a down week. Overall volume is declining, typical of a maturing consolidation. Each series of down weeks includes a week with stronger volume than the following series of up weeks. The breakout should come very soon now and volume indicates a downwards breakout is more likely than upwards.

Gold Chart Daily 2015
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Daily Chart: ADX still indicates there is no clear trend. A range bound trading system would be better employed than a trend following system. Trading in a range bound market, as Gold has been in since the 27th of March, is inherently more risky than trading a trending market. Careful money management rules are essential to avoid wiping out your account. A good rule to follow would be to invest no more than 2% of the equity in your account on any one trade.

The range bound system illustrated here uses horizontal lines of support and resistance along with fast Stochastics to illustrate overbought and oversold. The idea is to expect the end of one swing and the start of another when price is at support or resistance and Stochastics is at oversold or overbought.

Eventually Gold will break out of this range it entered on 27th March; a breakout is 100% certain. What is uncertain is what direction the breakout will be. When the breakout comes, then this range trading system will be expecting a move in the opposite direction and the final swing will never come. Additionally, ADX may be slow to indicate the existence of a trend when it finally arrives, which again illustrates why trading this market is so risky.

Gold has been within this range now for 66 days. The longer price remains in this range the closer the breakout will be and the risker it is to expect the sideways swings to continue.

The weight of volume indicators is pointing to a downwards breakout as more likely. This is not definitive and only is indicative. Extreme caution is advised, particularly with any trades to the upside at this stage.

Monday’s upwards movement was completed on increased volume. This may be the start of a new swing upwards, or it may be an indicator of the end of a correction upwards. With Stochastics reaching oversold on Friday, some upwards movement was expected.

If a new trend is developing, then Stochastics will no longer be useful and may remain oversold for much of a downwards trend.

Price is below the 21 day EMA. The two lower trend lines may offer enough resistance for downwards movement to continue from here. The bear Elliott wave count expects a downwards breakout should happen this week and this would fit with the regular TA picture, with the sole exception of ADX not yet confirming a new trend.

This analysis is published about 06:00 p.m. EST.