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Recent price behaviour and volume suggest the alternate Elliott wave count from last analysis has a higher probability, so in today’s analysis it is now the main wave count.

Summary: A slight new low may end about 1,257 on Monday. Thereafter, the upwards trend should resume. There is strong support around 1,260 which has so far held. If price does move lower, then look for strong support at the lower edge of the base channel on the daily charts.

New updates to this analysis are in bold.

Grand SuperCycle analysis is here.

Last monthly and weekly charts are here.



Gold Elliott Wave Chart Daily 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

This chart steps back to see all movement since the important low on the 3rd of December, 2015.

To see how this fits into the bigger picture, please see the last historic analysis linked to at the start of this analysis.

The first upwards movement labelled primary wave 1 fits well as a five wave impulse. Primary wave 2 fits as a zigzag. It would be difficult to see the downwards wave of primary wave 2 as an impulse because that would require ignoring what looks very much like a triangle at its start (labelled intermediate wave (B) ). To see this as an impulse that movement would need to be a second wave correction, but second waves do not subdivide as triangles.

Primary wave 3 should have begun. Within it intermediate waves (1) and (2) should be complete. Intermediate wave (2) is a very common expanded flat correction.

The middle of this big third wave now looks unlikely to have passed, so it is still ahead. This has a better look on this bigger picture view.

Minute wave ii may not move beyond the start of minute wave i below 1,240.24.

A cyan trend line is added to all charts. Draw it from the high in October 2012 to the high in July 2016. This line has been tested five times. Price is finding resistance at the cyan trend line now. If price can break through resistance here after some consolidation, then that may release energy to the upside for the end of minor wave 3.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Daily 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

This daily chart will suffice for both weekly charts, which can be seen in the last published historic analysis.

Upwards movement at primary degree is either a third wave (first weekly chart) to unfold as an impulse, or a Y wave (second weekly chart) to unfold as a zigzag. If upwards movement is a zigzag for primary wave Y, then it would be labelled intermediate waves (A) – (B) and now (C) to unfold. It is most likely a third wave because cycle wave a is most likely to subdivide as an impulse.

Intermediate wave (1) or (A) is a complete five wave impulse lasting 39 days. Intermediate wave (2) or (B) looks like an expanded flat, which is a very common structure.

The duration and depth of this correction labelled minor wave 2 suggests the pullback may be at minor degree instead of minute degree.

It is possible that minor wave 1 is over at the recent high and now minor wave 2 may be unfolding lower. If it gets down to the lower edge of the base channel, it should find very strong support there. If this wave count is correct, then price should not break below this trend line.

If the pullback does continue, and if it is deeper than the target on the hourly chart, then price may come down to touch the lower edge of the base channel. If that happens, it would offer us a gift of a very good entry point to join the upwards trend. If that happens, then members would be strongly advised to enter long with a stop just below the lower edge of the channel (give the market a little room to move and allow for overshoots).

Minor wave 2 may not move beyond the start of minor wave 1 below 1,195.22. However, if the base channel provides support, price should not get close to this invalidation point. Only if the base channel is breached by a full daily candlestick below and not touching the lower edge would a bearish wave count be considered.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Hourly 2017
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Minor wave 2 may be an incomplete double zigzag. The second zigzag may require minuette wave (c) downwards to complete.

Minuette wave (b) did not unfold as a triangle as expected in last analysis.

Minuette wave (b) may be unfolding as a regular flat correction. Subminuette wave c may end slightly above 1,270.38, so that it ends beyond the end of subminuette wave a to avoid a truncation.

Thereafter, minuette wave (c) downwards would be very likely to make at least a slight new low below the end of minuette wave (a) at 1,261.62 to avoid a truncation.

With minuette wave (b) incomplete, the ratio between minuette waves (a) and (c) cannot be used to calculate a target for minuette wave (c). The 0.382 Fibonacci ratio is used as a target for minor wave 2 to end about 1,257. This would allow for a small overshoot into the prior consolidation area, before a quick reversal. This idea has support from classic technical analysis: the area about 1,260 was an area of prior strong resistance but has now been strong support for the last three days.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Daily 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

So far, within intermediate wave (3) or (C), minor waves 1 and 2 may now be complete. Minor wave 3 may have begun. Within minor wave 3, only minute wave i may now be complete and minute wave ii may be over here, or it may move a little lower but not beyond the start of minute wave i below 1,240.24.

Minor wave 2 lasted six days. Minute wave ii has now lasted seven days at this stage for this wave count. There is now a slight disproportion between these wave counts.

Within minute wave iii, no second wave correction may move beyond the start of the first wave below 1,260.86. A new low below this point would see this wave count discarded.

Minute wave iii should show an increase in upwards momentum and be supported by volume. Thereafter, minute wave iv should be shallow and may be very brief. When minute wave iv is complete, then minute wave v should show a further increase in momentum and may end with a blow off top.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Hourly 2017
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The depth and structure of this pullback looks like a second wave correction. The only question between the two wave counts, main and alternate, is of what degree is this second wave correction.

Minute wave ii still fits as a double zigzag. It will not fit as a single zigzag because there is too much overlapping. Within the second zigzag labelled minuette wave (y), the structure of subminuette wave c may now have its final fifth wave complete. However, the bottom line is that there cannot be any confidence a low is in place while price remains within the channel.

If minute wave iii has begun, then a target is now calculated for it to end. At the end of Friday’s session the best fit channel is breached, but because it is by so little and upwards movement is not strong the breach is not convincing.



Gold Weekly 2017
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of

There are a lot of assumptions out there about Gold and its relationships to various other markets. Happily, there is a quick and easy mathematical method to determine if Gold is indeed related to any other market: StockCharts have a “correlation” option in their indicators that shows the correlation coefficient between any selected market and the one charted.

The correlation coefficient ranges from -1 to 1. A correlation coefficient of 1 is a perfect positive correlation whereas a correlation coefficient of -1 is a perfect negative correlation.

A correlation coefficient of 0.5 to 1 is a strong positive correlation. A correlation coefficient of -0.5 to -1 is a strong negative correlation.

Any two markets which have a correlation coefficient that fluctuates about zero or spends time in the 0.5 to -0.5 range (shown by highlighted areas on the chart) may not be said to have a correlation. Markets which sometimes have a positive or negative correlation, but sometimes do not, may not be assumed to continue a relationship when it does arise. The relationship is not reliable.

For illustrative purposes I have included the correlation coefficient between Gold and Silver, which is what strong and reliable correlation should look like.

Volume this week suggests the downwards movement is a pullback, and it may still continue further as volume remains fairly heavy.

Gold has made a series of higher highs and higher lows since the low in December 2016, the definition of an upwards trend. Assume the trend remains the same until proven otherwise.

This weekly chart still remains mostly bullish with some neutrality.


Gold Daily 2016
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Support about 1,260 – 1,265 is still holding.

Declining volume for a small upwards day is concerning for bulls. There may yet be another test of support before the next upwards wave.

At this stage, Bollinger Bands, ATR and ADX indicate this is still most likely a pullback within a larger upwards trend.



GDX Daily 2016
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At this stage, it looks like GDX is in a downwards trend. The break below support about 22.50 is now being tested and this area is now providing resistance. This looks like a typical throwback in a downwards trend.

On Balance Volume is bullish.

Everything else is neutral to bearish.

Stochastics may remain oversold for long periods of time during a trend, so this does not indicate price must turn here.


Gold Daily 2016
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This study of a third wave will be left in daily analysis until the current third wave is either proven to be wrong (invalidated) or it is complete.

This third wave spans 59 trading days.

It was not until the 40th day that the overlapping ended and the third wave took off strongly.

The middle of the third wave is the end of minute wave iii, which ended in a blow off top.

There is excellent alternation between second and fourth wave corrections.

This third wave began with a series of five overlapping first and second waves (if the hourly chart were to be added, it would be seven) before momentum really builds and the overlapping ends.

The fifth wave of minuette wave (v) is the strongest portion.

This third wave curves upwards. This is typical of Gold’s strong impulses. They begin slowly, accelerate towards the middle, and explode at the end. They do not fit neatly into channels. In this instance, the gold coloured curve was used.

Gold Daily 2016
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of

This trend began after a long consolidation period of which the upper edge is bound by the blue trend line. After the breakout above the blue trend line, price curved back down to test support at the line before moving up and away.

RSI reaches overbought while price continues higher for another five days and RSI reaches above 85. The point in time where RSI reaches overbought is prior to the strongest upwards movement.

ADX reached above 35 on the 9th of February, but price continued higher for another two days.

The lesson to be learned here: look for RSI to be extreme and ADX to be extreme at the same time, then look for a blow off top. Only then expect that the middle of a big third wave is most likely over.

The end of this big third wave only came after the blow off top was followed by shallow consolidation, and more highs. At its end RSI exhibited strong divergence with price and On Balance Volume gave a bearish signal.

Third waves require patience at their start and patience at their ends.

This analysis is published @ 10:52 p.m. EST on 29th April, 2017.