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A small range inside day saw price move slowly sideways.

Summary: In the short term, a new low below 1,259.61 prior to a new high would add confidence in a trend change back to down. At that stage, the target would be 1,140 although this may be too low.

A new high tomorrow would indicate minor wave B is most likely incomplete.

New updates to this analysis are in bold.

Last historic analysis with monthly charts is here, video is here.

Grand SuperCycle analysis is here.


For clarity I have decided at this time it may be best to publish on a daily basis weekly charts I, II and IV. Both weekly charts I and II expect a zigzag down to complete and the difference is in the expected depth. Weekly chart IV has a very low probability and will only be given serious consideration if price makes a new high above 1,294.96.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Weekly I 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

Combinations are very common structures. Cycle degree waves normally last one to several years, and B waves do tend to be more time consuming waves than all other waves. Given these tendencies the most likely scenario at this point may be that cycle wave b is an incomplete double combination.

The first structure in the double labelled primary wave W fits as a zigzag. This upwards movement will subdivide as either a three (zigzag) or a five (impulse). It does have a three wave look to it.

The double is joined by a deep three in the opposite direction labelled primary wave X, which is a 0.77 depth of primary wave W. X waves within double combinations are normally very deep; this one looks right.

The second structure in the combination may be either a triangle or a flat correction. Both of these structures have A waves which subdivide as threes.

At this stage, the upwards wave from the low in December 2016 does now look best and subdivide best as a completed zigzag. This may be intermediate wave (A) of a flat correction or a triangle. Because a triangle for primary wave Y would look essentially the same as the second weekly chart below, only a flat correction is considered here. The most common two structures in a double combination are a zigzag and a flat.

This wave count follows the most common scenario and has the best fit.

Within the flat correction of primary wave Y, intermediate wave (B) must retrace a minimum 0.9 length of intermediate wave (A) at 1,140.27. The most common length for intermediate wave (B) is from 1 to 1.38 times the length of intermediate wave (A), giving a common range from 1,123.08 to 1,057.77.

A target is now calculated for minor wave C to complete intermediate wave (B). This target would meet the minimum requirement for intermediate wave (B). If minor wave B moves any higher, then this target must be recalculated.

Intermediate wave (B) may subdivide as any corrective structure, but the most common structure for B waves within flats is a zigzag. At this stage, on the hourly chart it looks like a five down labelled minor wave A is complete, which would indicate intermediate wave (B) is a zigzag subdividing 5-3-5.

The daily and hourly charts will follow this weekly chart. That does not mean the other three weekly charts aren’t possible, they are, but the number of charts must be kept reasonable on a daily basis.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Weekly II 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

What if cycle wave b is a triangle? This is also entirely possible. Triangles are not as common as double combinations, but they are not uncommon.

Within the triangle, primary waves A, B and C are all single zigzags. One of the five subwaves of a triangle normally subdivides as a more complicated multiple, usually a double zigzag. This may be what is unfolding for primary wave D. It may also subdivide as a single zigzag.

Primary wave D of a regular contracting triangle may not move beyond the end of primary wave B below 1,123.08.

Primary wave D of a regular barrier triangle should end about the same level as primary wave B at 1,123.08, so that the B-D trend line is essentially flat. What this means in practice is that primary wave D may end slightly below 1,123.08 and the triangle would remain valid. This is the only Elliott wave rule which is not black and white.

Thereafter, primary wave E should unfold upwards and would most likely fall a little short of the A-C trend line. If not ending there, it may overshoot the A-C trend line. Primary wave E may not move beyond the end of primary wave C above 1,294.96.

Triangles normally adhere very well to their trend lines. Occasionally, price may overshoot the trend lines but when this happens it is not by much and is quickly reversed. The upper A-C trend line should offer very strong resistance at this stage if cycle wave b is unfolding as a triangle. This trend line is added to the daily chart below.

At this stage, the structure on the hourly chart is still the same for both this weekly wave count and the first weekly wave count: a zigzag downwards is unfolding. However, they now diverge in how far down the next wave is expected to go. This second weekly wave count expects a more shallow movement to not end reasonably below 1,123.08.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Daily 2017
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This daily chart will suffice for both weekly charts above, although the labelling follows weekly chart I.

Both weekly charts expect a zigzag downwards. (It may also turn out to be a double zigzag. For now a single only will be charted but a double will be kept in mind). Weekly chart I expects a deep zigzag for intermediate wave (B) to a minimum at 1,140.27. Weekly chart II expects a zigzag down for primary wave D to not move below 1,123.08 and most likely fall well short of that point.

The daily chart follows the expectations for weekly chart I, but the structure for weekly chart II would be exactly the same at this stage.

Within the flat correction of primary wave Y, intermediate wave (B) must retrace a minimum 0.9 length of intermediate wave (A) at 1,140.27. The most likely corrective structures to achieve the deep correction required for B waves within flats are single or multiple zigzags. These begin with a five, then a three in the opposite direction.

Minor wave A is complete. Minor wave B may now be a complete zigzag.

There are still three hourly wave counts for minor wave B below. They are presented in order of probability. The order has changed slightly from last analysis.

Minor wave B may not move beyond the start of minor wave A above 1,294.96.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Hourly 2017
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Minute wave b may be a complete double combination. These are very common structures. The most common combination of corrective structures in a double is a zigzag and a flat.

Minuette wave (w) fits as an expanded flat. Minuette wave (y) fits now as a completed zigzag.

The structure for minute wave b is a big sideways movement. This looks typical for a double combination.

Within combinations, X waves may be any corrective structure including multiples. However, they are most commonly single zigzags. For this wave count, the multiple zigzag for minuette wave (x) reduces its probability. However, sideways movement for Monday’s quiet session looks like a small fourth wave which fits this wave count well.

Minute wave c must subdivide as a five wave motive structure, either an impulse or an ending diagonal. So far it looks very much like it would be an impulse. The structure is incomplete. The fourth wave of minuette wave (iv) may be an almost complete double combination, then a final short fifth wave up would be required to complete the structure.

Minuette wave (iv) may not move into minuette wave (i) price territory below 1,259.61.

If minuette wave (iv) ends close to the 0.236 Fibonacci ratio of minuette wave (iii) at 1,265, then minuette wave (v) would reach equality in length about 1,277. This is very close to the target calculated one degree higher. The target looks to have a reasonable probability.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Hourly 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

In the short term, a new low below 1,259.61 (prior to a new high) would invalidate the other two hourly charts and provide some confidence in this triangle wave count.

Thereafter, a breach of the lower edge of the pink Elliott channel by downwards (not sideways) movement would provide further confidence in this triangle wave count.

If minor wave B is a complete zigzag, then within it minute wave c is just 0.77 short of 0.382 the length of minute wave a.

Gold does often exhibit remarkably short and brief fifth waves out of its fourth wave triangles. It can sometimes also exhibit this tendency for its C waves out of B wave triangles.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Hourly 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

When a triangle is considered, it is vital that other options are considered also. Too often I have seen what looks like a triangle to be unfolding, or even completed, only to then see price make an unexpected movement and invalidate the triangle.

What if a flat correction is still unfolding for minute wave b and minuette wave (b) within it is still incomplete?

Within a flat correction, both of waves A and B must subdivide as threes. Here, minuette wave (a) is an expanded flat and this is classified as a three. Minuette wave (b) may be an incomplete regular flat, also classified as a three.

Within the regular flat of minuette wave (b), subminuette wave c has now moved above the end of subminuette wave a at 1,263.71 avoiding a truncation. The structure of subminuette wave c is incomplete. It must complete as a five wave motive structure, so it needs to complete micro waves 4 and 5.

Micro wave 4 may not move into micro wave 1 price territory below 1,259.61.

Thereafter, minuette wave (c) would be extremely likely to move at least slightly below the end of minuette wave (a) at 1,246.42 to avoid a truncation.

This wave count allows for further sideways movement in an ever increasing range.

This wave count does not have as good a look as the combination or triangle wave counts. Here, minuette wave (b) is technically a regular flat, but they more commonly have C waves that are about even in length with their A waves and end only a little beyond the end of the A wave. Here, subminuette wave c is already reasonably beyond the end of subminuette wave a, but the structure is incomplete and needs to continue higher.


Gold Elliott Wave Chart Weekly II 2017
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What if the bull market beginning in December 2015 remains intact? Price has essentially been moving sideways since that date, so all possibilities should be considered.

The Morning Doji Star at the low labelled intermediate wave (B) will not be considered as a reversal pattern here because it comes in what is essentially a sideways movement. It does not come after a downwards wave, so there is nothing to reverse.

This wave count requires confirmation above 1,294.96. That would invalidate the first three weekly charts (the third is seen in historic analysis only).

It is possible that cycle wave b is continuing higher as a double zigzag. However, double zigzags normally have brief and shallow X waves. The purpose of the second zigzag in a double (and the third when there is one) is to deepen the correction when price does not move deep enough in the first (or second) zigzag. Thus double (and triple) zigzags normally have a strong and clear slope against the prior trend. To achieve this look their X waves normally are brief and shallow.

In this case, primary wave X is neither brief nor shallow. It is a 0.77 depth of primary wave W and lasted 0.74 the duration of primary wave W. Overall, this does not have a typical look of a double zigzag so far.

This wave count also must see the rise up to the high labelled intermediate wave (A) as a five wave impulse, not a three wave zigzag. This looks a little forced, so it reduces the probability of this wave count.

This wave count should only be used if confirmed with a new high above 1,294.96. Low probability does not mean no probability, but should always be given less weight until proven.



Gold Weekly 2017
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of

The decline in volume is bearish, but it does not mean upwards movement must stop here. Price can continue higher on declining volume for another few weeks before a trend change as it did in February of this year.

On Balance Volume remains bullish. The long lower wick on this weekly candlestick is bullish.

ATR is bearish.

Overall, this chart is slightly bullish.


Gold Daily 2016
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of

StockCharts data is NY session only. No new data is available for Monday as NYSE was closed for Memorial Day. The classic analysis is unchanged.

A strong upwards day comes with support from volume. Price has broken out of the pennant pattern upwards. The target calculated using the flagpole length of 50.7 and the breakout point about 1,260 remains at 1,310.

Volume is still lighter than recent downwards days though. Volume remains mid term bearish. The volume profile suggests the upwards breakout may be false or short lived.

On Balance Volume is at resistance. If it turns down on Monday, that will be a bearish signal. If it breaks above the purple resistance line on Monday, that would be a strong bullish signal. At that stage, some confidence in the target about 1,310 may be had.

Bollinger Bands normally expand with a trend and contract on a counter trend movement. Bollinger Bands still support the first two weekly Elliott wave counts which see this upwards movement as a B wave.



GDX Daily 2016
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of

Volume supports the flag pattern; as price moves essentially sideways volume declines.

Flags and pennants are reasonably reliable continuation patterns. This one expects an upward breakout. But volume remains heavier for recent downwards days indicating more support for downwards movement and a possible downwards breakout.

This analysis is published @ 09:55 p.m. EST.