Tag Archives: xauusd

Setting Targets Using Elliott Wave | 17th October, 2017

When is it appropriate to use targets that are longer than 1.618?

S&P500 2017
Click chart to enlarge.


It is appropriate to use targets calculated using Fibonacci ratios greater than 1.618 (following ratios in the sequence) when:

1. A first wave is very short, and a target calculation using only 1.618 would see the third wave not move far enough for a ratio using a higher degree to be reached.

2. Price reaches the first target using 1.618 and keeps moving through it. Then the next Fibonacci ratio in the sequence should be used.

3. The particular market analysed often exhibits extreme Fibonacci ratios such as 6.854 and 11.09. Bitcoin is an example of such a market. This behaviour can be determined by Fibonacci analysis of completed waves.


The chart above shows a fairly typical example of a third wave for Gold.

Here, minor wave 1 was relatively short. The first target using 1.618 for minor wave 3 would have been reached about 1,488. The structure was not complete there, unless the end of minute wave i was labelled as minor wave 3. But it did not exhibit a very strong increase in downwards momentum, so although that could have been the end of it (and was suggested to me at the time) that would not have looked right.

Intermediate wave (3) exhibits an extreme Fibonacci ratio to intermediate wave (1). Intermediate wave (1) was very short. As intermediate wave (3) unfolded, it could have been labelled complete at the low labelled minute wave iii. The strongest argument against such labelling would have been that selling climaxes are usually the end of a third wave within a third wave, and not often the end of a third wave of a larger degree.

Both of the fifth waves to end minor wave 3 and intermediate wave (3) exhibit ratios of equality in length with their counterpart first waves.

Published @ 02:11 p.m. EST.

All Gaps Have to be Closed – Myth or Fact? | 3rd October 2017

The answer to the question is in the charts. If gaps can be seen, which were not filled, then not all gaps must be filled.

SPX 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

Some markets have more gaps than other markets. Gold is a global market and rarely has gaps at the daily chart level, but it may have gaps occasionally at the hourly chart level and below.

The S&P500 is a good example of a market with gaps.

There are two examples of gaps not filled in the daily chart above for the S&P500, from price movement during February of 2017. To this day, 8 months later, these gaps remain unfilled.

Published @ 05:10 p.m. EST.

Best Fit Channels | 26th September, 2017

If an Elliott channel does not fit a movement, then a best fit channel has to be drawn. The best fit is a channel which contains most or all movement within a trend and is tested the greatest number of times.


Gold 2017
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A channel drawn about this impulse using either of Elliott’s techniques does not contain all movement. Therefore, when compared to a best fit channel, Elliott’s channel drawn this way may not be as reliable in indicating when the movement has been over and there may have been a trend change.

Gold 2017
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Redrawing the channel as a best fit now contains all the impulse. Therefore, for this impulse on this chart, this best fit channel should be a more reliable and more conservative indicator of a trend change.

Published @ 04:36 a.m. EST.

2 Early Channel Techniques | 21st September, 2017

Channels drawn using Elliott’s techniques, outlined here, cannot be drawn until a reasonable amount of a wave has completed. There are two techniques to draw a channel about a new movement earlier.


Gold 2017
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This is the earliest channel that can be drawn about a new movement. This channel was drawn at the end of minor wave 2.

Base channels have two main purposes:

1. As the wave progresses the edge which is opposite to the main direction of movement should provide support or resistance. Here, the wave is down and the upper edge should provide resistance to bounces along the way down. It is the opposite for a bull wave; the lower edge should provide support for pullbacks along the way up.

A sloping trend line offering support or resistance can be used to place trailing stops.

2. A third wave may be identified or confirmed if it has the power to break through the base channel in the direction of the trend. A third wave should have the power to break above resistance at the upper edge of a base channel for a bull wave. Here, minor wave 3 should have the power to break below support at the lower edge of the base channel.


Gold 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

Later on in the development of a wave the base channel may be redrawn as an acceleration channel. This may be done after a third wave shows enough power to break out of the base channel in the direction of the trend, or it may be done earlier.

Acceleration channels are redrawn each time price makes a new extreme in the direction of the trend.

When a third wave is complete, then this channel is an Elliott channel (drawn using the first technique).

Acceleration channels have one main purpose:

1. To show where corrections within the trend find support or resistance, on the side opposite to the trend.

The side opposite to the trend may be used to place a trailing stop when trading the trend.

Published @ 06:22 a.m. EST.

3 Elliott Techniques For Drawing Trend Channels | 20th September, 2017

The three basic Elliott Wave channels are:


Gold 2017
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Once enough structure is complete to begin to draw an Elliott channel (about one third to halfway through a wave) use the first technique.

A trend channel drawn using this technique may show where the fourth wave may end. If the fourth wave is contained within the channel, then the fifth wave usually ends either midway or at the opposite edge of the channel. While most markets behave this way, commodities can be different. Commodities often exhibit swift and strong fifth waves which overshoot channels, as in this example.

When the channel is breached by subsequent movement in the opposite direction, it indicates the wave is over and a trend change may have occurred.


Gold 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

If the fourth wave is not contained within a channel drawn using the first technique, then redraw the channel using Elliott’s second technique.

This redrawn channel may show where the fifth wave may end: either mid way or about the side opposite the fourth wave.

When the channel is breached by subsequent movement in the opposite direction, it indicates the wave is over and a trend change may have occurred.


Gold 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

If the movement is expected to be a correction, then it may be contained within a channel. Most corrections are contained within channels, but a few such as expanded flats are not.

The channel may show where wave C ends, either mid way or at the edge of the channel.

When the channel is breached by subsequent movement in the opposite direction, it indicates the wave is over and a trend change may have occurred.

Published @ 06:16 a.m. EST.

2 Steps to a High Probability Trade Set-up | 15th September, 2017

This is my favourite trade set up. Here’s what to look for and why.

Gold Monthly 2017
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To begin, look for a trend line which has strong technical significance. In deciding how strong or weak a line is use these guidelines here.

This trend line on Gold’s monthly chart is drawn as a bear market trend line as illustrated here.

Gold Daily 2017
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Zooming on at the daily chart level to see exactly where the line sits, we can see that price is not sitting perfectly upon it. That may be because this trend line extends so far back, to September 2011. The general idea does appear to be working here today though.

This is the trade set up:

Step 1.

Look for a breach of the trend line. If this is achieved on strong volume, then have more confidence in the breach. StockCharts data does show very strong volume for the 5th of September, which is the daily candlestick on their data that would have been the day of the breach.

Step 2.

Look for price to curve around and back test support at prior resistance (or in a bear market resistance at prior support). Enter in the direction of the larger trend when price tests the trend line.

This set up takes time. In this case a wait of 7 to 8 days after the initial break above the trend line.

Today, the long lower wick and bullish engulfing candlestick pattern offer a little more confidence in this set up.

Why is this such a good trade set up?

With a technically significant trend line, the set up offers an entry point to a trend which traders may have confidence in. The more significant the line, the more significant the breach.

Stops may be set quite close by. Allow a little room for overshoots, and for longer held lines slightly larger overshoots, but stops may be closer than the last swing low or high. This reduces risk.

Published @ 01:15 a.m. EST.

Scale – Arithmetic or Semi-Log? | 30th August, 2017

The choice of what scale to use on your charts makes a big difference to how trend lines sit. Which scale is correct?

Gold 2 Weekly 2017
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The chart above shows Gold 2 weekly on an arithmetic scale. Notice the bear market trend line has been breached, but did not show where price exactly found support and resistance in the process.

Gold 2 Weekly 2017
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The chart above shows Gold 2 weekly on a semi-logarithmic scale. So far price remains below the bear market trend line.

An arithmetic scale is best used for short term price movements. But for long term movements a semi-logarithmic scale is more correct, particularly for markets like Gold which can exhibit blow off tops and selling climaxes.

Any long term movement a year or more should always use a semi-logarithmic or ratio scale.

From Magee (“Technical Analysis of Stock Trends”, 9th edition, page 11):

“Our own experience indicates that the semilogarithmic scale has definite advantages in this work; most of the charts reproduced in this book employ it… Percentage relations, it goes without saying, are important in trading in securities… certain trend lines develop more advantageously on the ratio scale.”

From Pring (“Technical Analysis Explained”, 4th edition, page 68):

“Arithmetic scaling is not a good choice for long-term price movements, since a rise from 2 to 4 represents a doubling of the price, whereas a rise from 20 to 22 represents only a 10 percent increase… For this reason long term price movements should be plotted on a ratio or logarithmic scale. The choice of scale does not materially affect daily charts, in which price movements are relatively small in a proportionate sense. For periods over 1 year, in which the fluctuations are much larger, I always prefer to use a ratio scale”.

Published @ 04:28 p.m. EST.

Learn Elliott Wave – Spot The Mistakes | 3rd August, 2017

For those who want to hone their Elliott wave knowledge, have a go at spotting my deliberate mistakes:

Gold Daily 2017
Click chart to enlarge.

This one is easy (at least, I think it is and I’ve really tried to make it easy).

There is one mistake in the triangle (just one!) and one mistake in the impulse.

Can you find them both?

Name the rules which I have deliberately broken here. Answers will be posted in comments tomorrow or the day after.

Note: During the process of preparing this post, I found a solution that fixes my main problem with the current alternate wave count. This solution will be published in tomorrow’s Gold analysis.

Published @ 05:49 a.m. EST.

Volume Basics | 2nd August, 2017

Volume analysis is essential to a full technical analysis. One of the simplest techniques is to look at volume during a consolidation and note which days, upwards or downwards, have strongest volume.

Gold Daily 2017
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Gold has been within a large consolidation since about January 2017. A small resistance zone is about 1,295 to 1,300. A wide support zone is about 1,195 to 1,215. During this period of time, it is two upwards days that have strongest volume and this suggests that an upwards breakout may be more likely than a downwards breakout.

This technique does not always work, but it works more often than it fails. This technique is an exercise in probability and not certainty.

Published @ 04:00 a.m. EST.

Will Gold Backtest An Important Trend Line? | 18th July, 2017

This chart was last published on 9th of July showing a breach of an important trend line.

Gold Daily 2016
Click chart to enlarge.

Price is now bouncing up for another test. There is a little room still for a little more upwards movement, if price wants to come up to kiss the trend line.

Again, adding volume makes this simple trend line more powerful. The breach was supported by volume, but now the bounce is not. The volume profile is bearish, adding to confidence that price may now stay below the line.

This analysis is published @ 05:05 a.m. EST.